Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education Major in Educational Management

Subject Categories

Educational Leadership


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Educational Leadership and Management

Thesis Adviser

Oscar O. Bautista

Defense Panel Chair

Roberto T. Borromeo

Defense Panel Member

Judith D. Aldaba
Adeilada L. Bago
Barbara Wong-Fernandez
Perlita Jamoralin


The paralegal practices of an educational institution refer to the legitimate job of institutional leaders to execute legitimate power. It is with in these parameters that this study framed its objective, that is to asses the effectiveness and improvement of paralegal practices, instrumental to institutional management. This study employed descriptive method of research with questionnaire and focused interview as primary source of data. Self made questionnaire was developed and administered by the researcher. Research participants include 28 institutional leader and 110 full time faculty members from private higher education institutions in Batangas Province. The data gathered were treated statistically using appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics such as weighted mean and between the actual levels of effectiveness and expected levels of improvement of paralegal practices relative to institutional management was tested using t-test. The result of the study revealed that institutional leaders and faculty members assessed the actual paralegal practices as strongly effective. vii Institutional management has a weighted mean ranging from 3.53 to 4.01. In terms of expected levels of improvement of paralegal practices, the research participants assessed that there is a way for little improvement in terms of its implementation to school management with a weighted mean ranging from 3.96 to 4.28. The differences between the assessment on actual levels of effectiveness and expected levels of improvement in the implementation of paralegal practices were statistically tested and found to be highly significant with t-values ranging from 2.27 to 4.66, which were greater than t- tabular of 1.98. This further revealed that the hypothesis of no difference was rejected. The assessment of the institutional leader and the faculty was also compared. The study revealed that the assessment of the two groups in the actual levels of effectiveness in the implementation of paralegal practices was significantly different from each other with probability value less than 1percent level of significance. This further showed that institutional leaders assessments were significantly higher than those of the faculty members. Similar findings were revealed with regard to expected levels of improvement in the implementation of paralegal practice. viii Of the most effective paralegal practices relative to institutional management, strategic, audit and supervisory ranked first, second and third respectively. The contribution of the study was a course of action for the improvement of institutional management through paralegal practices. Generally, it was geared toward the elimination of discrepancy between actual levels of effectiveness and expected levels of improvement in the manner of implementation of paralegal practices in school management anchored on one specific idea of continuous education. The focused interview to the two groups of respondents unearthed the importance of exploring school management on para-legal practices. In as much as school leader should not stop searching for acceptable and feasible way to reach out to the faculty and studentry through these para-legal practices, the faculty and students in return should be ready to do their responsibilities.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

xiii, 332 leaves, 28 cm. ; Typescript


Universities and colleges-- (Batangas) Philippines--Administration; Universities and colleges -- (Batangas) Philippines--Administration. and others

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