Proposed right of reply: A violation of the freedom of the press?

Date of Publication


Document Type

Bachelor's Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Commerce Major in Legal Management

Subject Categories

Commercial Law


Ramon V. Del Rosario College of Business


Commercial Law

Thesis Adviser

Emmanuel O. Sales

Defense Panel Chair

Jocelyn P. Cruz

Defense Panel Member

Edward P. Chico


Section 4, Article III of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides for and protects the press freedom which states that: No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government of redress of grievances.

However, Right of Reply Bill or An Act Granting the Right of Reply and Providing Penalties in Violation Thereof is proposed which orders the media to give newspaper space or airtime free of charge to the persons who feel aggrieved by commentaries which may be biased and inaccurate in the same space where the abuse took place.

The main premise of this research is whether the exercise of a person of the Right of Reply, given by law, infringes the freedom of expression of media establishments and journalists.

This research was done thoroughly using the Philippine Constitution and U.S. Landmark Cases as the main sources. An analysis of the sources provided the methodology for this research.

The researchers found out that the Right of Reply Bill violates the freedom of the press since some of its provisions are very broad in terms or too much of a burden to the media.

This research concludes that the proposed Right of Reply Bill is unconstitutional. This research recommends that Right of Reply should not be legislated but instead, the media should practice self-regulation. The establishment of a Press Council will serve as the promoter of the Journalists Code Ethics, will handle public complaint and will advocate press freedom. Furthermore, the researchers suggest on improving the existing libel law especially through fast-tracking cases. And lastly, the researchers propose the information of media advocacy groups who will monitor media content (print and broadcasting) and will make necessary recommendations.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F, Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

67 leaves

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