Title

Utilization of coal fly ash and rice hull ash as geopolymer matrix-cum-metal dopant applied to visible-light-active nanotitania photocatalyst system for degradation of dye in wastewater

College

College of Science

Department/Unit

Chemistry

Document Type

Article

Source Title

Catalysts

Volume

10

Issue

2

Publication Date

2-1-2020

Abstract

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Geopolymer (GP) spheres made from coal fly ash (FA) and rice hull ash (RHA) waste products are utilized as both support matrix and dopant applied to titania (TiO2) photocatalyst for organic dye degradation in wastewater. Processing of FA and RHA via suspension-solidification method resulted in GP spheres with nanoporous morphology. The nanocrevices enabled low-energy sol-gel TiO2 coating technique because they served as anchoring sites on the geopolymer surface that favored rigidity and larger surface area. The GP-TiO2 system has been characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy revealed a narrowing of the GP-TiO2 system optical band gap due to the interaction of metal dopants contained in RHA and FA with TiO2, thus making the GP-TiO2 system a visible-light-active photocatalyst, as confirmed by methylene blue dye degradation measured through UV-Vis spectroscopy.

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Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)

10.3390/catal10020240

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