Title

Molecular and phenotypic characterization of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus isolates from a tertiary hospital in the Philippines

College

College of Science

Department/Unit

Biology

Document Type

Article

Source Title

Tropical Medicine and Health

Volume

44

Issue

1

Publication Date

3-14-2016

Abstract

Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) poses a major threat to public health worldwide. There are relatively few studies addressing the molecular epidemiology of MRSA in the Philippines. Methods: This study characterized MRSA isolates in terms of their antimicrobial susceptibility profile, the SCCmec type, and the presence of lukF-lukS genes for Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) and determined the relatedness of the isolates by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: A total of 236 S. aureus were isolated from clinical specimens of the Makati Medical Center in Makati City, Philippines, between January 2013 and June 2013, and 108 or 45.76 % were found to be MRSA. Results showed that the MRSA strains were resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (20.37 %), azithromycin (10.19 %), gentamicin (5.56 %), and linezolid (4.63 %), while all were susceptible to vancomycin, nitrofurantoin, levofloxacin, minocycline, rifampin, and tetracycline. One isolate was found positive for inducible clindamycin resistance. All of the 108 MRSA strains were confirmed to carry the mecA and SCCmec genes, while the PVL genes were detected in 41 (38 %) of the isolates. Ninety-six isolates (89 %) carried SCCmec type IV, while the remaining isolates carried SCCmec type I (11 isolates) or type III (one isolate). Conclusion: This study is the first to present a comprehensive MRSA surveillance data with molecular characterization in a tertiary hospital in the Philippines. © 2016 Valle et al.

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Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1186/s41182-016-0003-z

Disciplines

Biology

Keywords

Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus aureus infections--Philippines; Methicillin resistance

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