First-principles study of structural, electronic, and optical properties of surface defects in GaAs(001) - β 2(2x4)
College of Science
We performed first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the role of point defects in the structural, electronic, and optical properties of the GaAs(001)- β2(2x4). In terms of structural properties, AsGa is the most stable defect structure, consistent with experiments. With respect to the electronic structure, band structures revealed the existence of sub-band and midgap states for all defects. The induced sub-bands and midgap states originated from the redistributions of charges towards these defects and neighboring atoms. The presence of these point defects introduced deep energy levels characteristic of EB3 (0.97 eV), EL4 (0.52 eV), and EL2 (0.82 eV) for AsGa, GaAs, GaV, respectively. The optical properties are found to be strongly related to these induced gap states. The calculated onset values in the absorption spectra, corresponding to the energy gaps, confirmed the absorption below the known bulk band gap of 1.43 eV. These support the possible two-step photoabsorption mediated by midgap states as observed in experiments. © 2018 Author(s).
Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)
Bacuyag, D., Escaño, M. S., David, M., & Tani, M. (2018). First-principles study of structural, electronic, and optical properties of surface defects in GaAs(001) - β 2(2x4). AIP Advances, 8 (6) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5020188