A critical political geography of China and the South China Sea islands dispute
College of Liberal Arts
Asia-Pacific Social Science Review
This paper aims to provide an alternative viewpoint on China and the South China Sea islands dispute through the use of political geography. Specifically, this piece employs a world-systems approach and critical political geography [or critical geopolitics] to understand four phenomena: first, the political-economic rationale behind China’s territorial ambitions through the nexus of its political ideology and position in the world economy; second, these ambitions using the “One Belt, One Road initiative;” third, its rise as a potential global hegemon; and lastly, the narratives behind its actions in the South China Sea islands dispute. The paper makes no claims about the superiority of world-systems and critical political geographies in explaining a state’s territorial ambition or expansionary behavior. What it attempts to provide is a different, yet complementary, lens to probe issues like this, which typically are confined to the realm of traditional geopolitics or realist international relations. World-systems and critical political geography offer a promise of cogently examining regional and global issues of this nature. © 2019 by De La Salle University.
Soler, A. D. (2019). A critical political geography of China and the South China Sea islands dispute. Asia-Pacific Social Science Review, 19 (1), 156-168. Retrieved from https://animorepository.dlsu.edu.ph/faculty_research/2643
China--Foreign relations; Boundary disputes; Geopolitics