A comparative study on the raw chitin and chitosan yields of common bio-waste from Philippine seafood
College of Science
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Bio-waste materials from aquatic species are alternative sources of chitin and chitosan—high-value natural biodegradable and biocompatible polymers. More than 250,000 metric tons of shell, scale, and carapace waste are produced in the Philippines. An evaluation of the quality of raw chitin and chitosan yields from the bio-waste materials of Asian green mussel (Perna viridis), tropical oyster (Crassostrea iredalei), milkfish (Chanos chanos), tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), and king mangrove crab (Scylla serrata) is needed for the sustainable sourcing. The mild extraction method done in this study showed significantly higher yields of chitin and chitosan for S. serrata and P. viridis (p = 0.001), with chemical structure confirmed through FTIR-ATR analysis. Elemental analysis showed pure extracts from S. serrata, P. viridis, and C. iredalei (N = 6.43–7.01%; DA = 98.7–104.1%). Extracts from the fish scales have high moisture content and glycoprotein contamination. Protein content, determined using UV-VIS spectrophotometry, was found to be significantly less in P. viridis and may be related to the fineness of particle size after grinding. It is recommended to improve the protocol to increase yield across all bio-waste materials, including additional tests to determine the quality of chitin and chitosan extracted, and to check water and oil holding capacities of the extracts to identify the best downstream applications of the varied chitin and chitosan qualities from each source. © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)
Cadano, J., Jose, M., Lubi, A., Maling, J., Moraga, J., Shi, Q., Vegafria, H., & VinceCruz-Abeledo, C. (2020). A comparative study on the raw chitin and chitosan yields of common bio-waste from Philippine seafood. Environmental Science and Pollution Research https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08380-5
Chitin; Chitosan; Seafood--Philippines