Title

Heavy metal levels in mud crabs (Scylla spp.) from East Bataan Coast

College

College of Science

Department/Unit

Biology

Document Type

Article

Source Title

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

Volume

22

Issue

8

First Page

6359

Last Page

6363

Publication Date

4-1-2015

Abstract

Heavy metal levels (Pb and Cu) on adult mud crabs (Scylla spp.) from the East Bataan Coast were determined. Muscle tissue from each crab was processed through nitric acid digestion and analyzed using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The average concentrations in the samples were 3.37 × 10−3 and 1.01 mg/L—both within WHO acceptable limits. These were contrasted with the levels found in sediments from catch and grow-out sites (17.9, 14.5, 37.8, and 31.3 mg/L) and were found to be significantly lower in concentration. It takes 3–8 months before adult mud crabs can be harvested from grow-out ponds, and the data suggests that the organisms, even when constantly exposed to high levels of Pb and Cu, do not bio-accumulate toxic levels of these heavy metals. Mud crabs constitute a major economic natural resource in the Philippines and in the province of Bataan. Commanding high prices due to the quality of its meat, it is also a preferred culture product due to its impressive size, rapid growth rate, and high flesh content. Mud crab culture in Bataan is primarily driven by grow-out of captured juveniles in pen or pond cultures sourced from nearby bodies of water—making them vulnerable to prolonged exposure to pollutants. The East Bataan Coast shares its waters with the polluted Manila Bay, giving rise to the concern of the quality of seafood acquired from the area. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1007/s11356-015-4194-3

Disciplines

Biology

Keywords

Scylla (Crustacea)—Heavy metal content--Philippines--Bataan; Heavy metals--Bioaccumulation--Philippines--Bataan; Environmental toxicology--Philippines--Bataan

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