Title

Physical characterization of latex from Artocarpus heterophyllus lam. (Jackfruit) and four related artocarpus spp.

College

College of Science

Department/Unit

Biology

Document Type

Article

Source Title

Key Engineering Materials

Volume

833 KEM

First Page

107

Last Page

117

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Abstract

This study focused on the physical properties of latex extracted from five species of Artocarpus J.R.Forster & G.Forster, namely: A. altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg, A. blancoi Merr, A. camansi Blanco, A. heterophyllus Lam., and A. ovatus Blanco as potential natural adhesives. Surface morphology showed that all five Artocarpus spp. have no specific forms, but otherwise flexible and viscoelastic. Contact angle measurements showed that all samples of Artocarpus spp. were hydrophilic with low contact angle values owing to the contents of natural source of the latex. FTIR analysis matched all Artocarpus latex samples to that of Polyvinyl acetate. Highest resin content was found on A. ovatus with all the species containing natural resin. It was also confirmed that out of the three stress strain analyses, A. camansi had the highest values for tensile strength, A. ovatus had the highest values for Young’s modulus of elasticity and the highest percentage elongation values belonged to A. heterophyllus. Adhesive shear strengths with maximum force values were highest in A. ovatus. Through cluster analysis, out of the eight variables tested A. heterophyllus was the outgroup being attributed to its latex gum-like property. All the above tests and analyses suggested that latex of all five Artocarpus spp. were similar in characteristics to polymer adhesive. Among which A. camansi and A. ovatus exhibited high results on adhesive strength tests. © 2020 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Switzerland.

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Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.833.107

Disciplines

Chemistry

Keywords

Artocarpus; Latex

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