Air pollution studies in Metromanila and catalysis technology towards clean air Philippines
Air pollution studies in Metro Manila and catalysis technology towards clean air Philippines
Gokongwei College of Engineering
Pure and Applied Geophysics
Considerable air quality and emission data gathered in Metropolitan Manila (MM) led to the development of automobile exhaust treatment catalysts as well as their continued improvement. Findings of a 5-year (1993-1998) collaborative work on the development of base metal oxide catalysts for automobile exhaust are summarized here. One study in 1991 reveals an average 16% increase in the number of motor vehicles in MM where 16% are new and the rest are old ones. Another study in 1992 shows the CO and hydrocarbon emission levels from different types of motor vehicles in MM as a function of the age of the vehicle, type of fuel, and the operating condition. Reports of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and other related studies also provided data showing the quality of air in MM. Currently, there are several requirements to further improve the catalyst performance towards the reduction of NOx and to develop catalyst-sorbent for simultaneous NOx-SOx removal. This is so because of the present condition of rain acidification that is found in certain places in MM. These air quality and emission data are needed not only to establish practical emission standards for motor vehicles and the stationary industries and power plants but also in the development of technologies for air pollution control and other clean technologies for cleaner air in the country.
Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)
Gallardo, S. M. (2003). Air pollution studies in Metromanila and catalysis technology towards clean air Philippines. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 160 (1-2), 325-339. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-003-8781-8
Air—Pollution--Philippines--Metro Manila; Catalysts