Title

Hydrogenase-based nanomaterials as anode electrode catalyst in polymer electrolyte fuel cells

College

College of Science

Department/Unit

Physics

Document Type

Article

Source Title

Solid State Communications

Volume

133

Issue

9

First Page

589

Last Page

591

Publication Date

3-1-2005

Abstract

We consider hydrogenase-based nanomaterials for possible use as anode electrode catalysts in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). We choose Fe-only hydrogenase component of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (DdHase) as a hydrogenase complex, and investigate its catalytic activity for H2 dissociation using ab initio calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). We found two possible H-H bond cleavage pathways, which are heterolytic and possess low activation barriers. Moreover, the H2 dissociation can be promoted by inducing spin polarization of the H2 adduct. We report that hydrogenase or hydrogenase-based nanomaterials can manipulate to exhibit the catalytic activity equivalent to the well-known platinum catalyst. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Digitial Object Identifier (DOI)

10.1016/j.ssc.2004.12.025

Disciplines

Physics

Keywords

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells; Nanostructured materials; Anodes

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