Date of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Arts in International Studies Major in European Studies

Subject Categories

International and Area Studies | International Relations | Other International and Area Studies


College of Liberal Arts


International Studies

Thesis Advisor

Charmaine Willoughby

Defense Panel Chair

Elaine Tolentino

Defense Panel Member

Alejandro Christian Soler
Rosa Babel Teehankee


When and how does a natural disaster experienced in the periphery influence the rules of the international climate regime? This research seeks to understand when and under which political conditions a developing state plays the role of rule-taker, rule-maker, or rule-breaker in international climate politics, and through which venues and with which implications for the architecture of the international environmental regime. It also departs from the Western-dominated literature of international environmental politics and instead, employs Carlos Escudé’s theory of peripheral realism. A deeper investigation of the political conditions leading up to the Haiyan disaster and its aftermath reveals that domestic politics and its translation to foreign climate policy under the rules of the climate regime is a complex process that necessitates the transition from rule-taker to either a transient rule-maker. In the Haiyan case, where a peripheral state seeks to establish itself as a promoter of new regime rules, it is the combination of domestic interest-group power, international networking, and bicephalous climate policy that activates the transition from partial rule-taker to transient rule-maker.

Abstract Format





Philippines; disaster; typhoon Haiyan; climate action; international environmental politics; peripheral realism; international environmental regime

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