Date of Publication


Document Type

Bachelor's Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Applied Economics major in Industrial Economics

Subject Categories

Economics | Environmental Studies


School of Economics


Outstanding Thesis Award

Defense Panel Chair

Krista Danielle S. Yu

Defense Panel Member

Albert E. Lamberte
Maria Zunally E. Rapada


The world has changed drastically in favor of the human race as the processes of production improve, leading to the stimulation of economic growth. However, we failed to consider how these changes affect the environment, causing pollution levels to rise due to it being an unavoidable by-product of production. Eventually, the nations were driven to come up with a strategy to combat climate change and increasing greenhouse gas emissions in the form of the Kyoto Protocol. This research compares the two of the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms, specifically the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), to investigate the effect of such mechanisms on the economic growth and the greenhouse gas emissions of developed and developing countries who have chosen to adopt their specific mechanism. The research utilizes a panel data regression model along with the difference-in-difference (DID) model in quantifying the contribution rate of the country-specific economic indicators, and the effect of the Kyoto protocol mechanisms to developed and developing countries. Findings from the study depict the ineffectiveness of the aforementioned mechanisms for most of the developed and developing countries, given that the drivers in pursuit of viable development varies in different areas. In assessing the findings, the researchers have provided aspects to consider for the extension of the study on investigating emission reduction approaches. Policy insights were also devised for leaders and institutions that aim to further mitigate emissions.

Abstract Format






Physical Description

152 leaves, color illustrations


Kyoto Protocol; Greenhouse gas mitigation —Economic aspects

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Available for download on Wednesday, May 31, 2023