Date of Publication


Document Type

Bachelor's Thesis

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science in Applied Economics major in Industrial Economics

Subject Categories

Labor Economics


School of Economics



Thesis Advisor

Mariel Monica Sauler
Jason Alinsunurin
Dickson Lim

Defense Panel Chair

Mariel Monica Sauler

Defense Panel Member

Jason Alinsunurin
Dickson Lim


Existing measures on labor productivity assume homogeneity in labor input as a factor of production. The labor pool as opposed to homogeneous inputs consists of widely disparate individuals who produce different levels of output with their own distinct set of qualities. With this, we analyze the disparities in average real wages of worker categories and formulate a micro-level labor productivity index using a transformed Tornqvist index that estimates the role of heterogeneous worker characteristics in determining labor productivity. We also investigate the marginal effects of the component terms to wages. We find gaps in productivity among factors of sex, industry, age group, and region of location where, notably, results posit (1) females as having higher average labor productivity indices and real wage across multiple categories; (2) the presence of a gender pay gap across industries; (3) wide disparity between regions in favor of the National Capital Region; (4) decreasing labor productivity gaps between the younger and older age groups; and (5), an increase in average real wage and labor productivity indices over the years except for college graduates. These findings confirm the need to discern the effects of human factors on personal labor productivity, especially when implementing policies that aim to strengthen the labor force.

Abstract Format




Physical Description

i, 92 leaves, color illustrations


Labor productivity--Philippines; Wages and labor productivity--Philippines; Labor productivity—Sex differences--Philippines

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Available for download on Thursday, September 21, 2023