A comparative study on the role of attitude, motivation, and language learning strategies in learning English as a foreign language among Vietnamese college students in HCM City

Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in English Language Education

Subject Categories

Language and Literacy Education


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


English Language Education

Thesis Adviser

Rochelle Irene G. Lucas

Defense Panel Chair

Aireen B. Arnuco

Defense Panel Member

Leah F. Gustilo
Marianne Jennifer M. Gaerlan


This comparative study on the role of attitudes (positive and negative attitude), motivations (instrumental and integrative motivation), and language learning strategies (LLS which may be direct and indirect strategies) in learning English as a foreign language (FL) involved 193 male and female freshmen and sophomore college students majoring in English, Psychology and Sociology in the University of Social Sciences and Humanities (USSH) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study employed a mixed method research design. The quantitative study consisted of a survey using two different survey questionnaires: The first one, the AMTB developed by Gardner (1985) and associates, was used to measure the attitudes and motivations toward English as a FL of Vietnamese EFL learners; the second one is the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) developed by Oxford (1990) to measure LLS. The qualitative study employed a semi-structured interview with 45 participants. Descriptive statistics (means and standard Deviations), Independent t-test, and Pearson r Correlation analysis were used to analyse the data and to answer the five research questions raised in the study. Regarding attitudes and motivations towards English learning, the results of the study revealed that Vietnamese EFL college students tended to have significant positive attitudes towards English, and they appeared to be instrumentally and integratively motivated to learn English. Interestingly, the findings showed that there was a significant difference between males’ and females’ attitudes towards English as a FL; however, there was no significant difference found in motivation and LLS between male and female students. Additionally, at p

Key words: attitude, motivation, gender, language learning strategies

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy, Sr. Hall


English language—Study and teaching—Vietnamese speakers; English language—Psychological aspects; Psycholinguistics

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