Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering


Gokongwei College of Engineering


Chemical Engineering

Thesis Adviser

Pag-asa D. Gaspillo

Defense Panel Chair

Joseph Auresenia

Defense Panel Member

Leonila C. Abella
Josephine Q. Borja


This study was conducted to develop a compact electrocoagulation reactor system in the treatment of simulated wastewater containing the pharmaceutical ibuprofen. In addition, the effectiveness of locally available aluminum and galvanized electrodes was evaluated for the removal of COD and ibuprofen. The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ibuprofen (IBU), is one of the most commonly detected pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCP) in sewage treatment plant effluent and surface waters in several parts of the world. IBU in the parent form reaches the environmental compartment by means of flushing or bodily excretion. The increasing concern on the presence of PPCP residues such as ibuprofen in waterways is due to the findings of several studies that exposures of aquatic organisms to such substances could potentially damage community structures and harm the ecosystem because of the changes in their reproduction and survival patterns. The experiments were conducted within thirty (30) minutes in a 50-liter acrylic reactor with four monopolar plate electrodes to determine the effect of process parameters such as voltage input, initial pH and electrode pair for the removal of COD and IBU. In addition, the electrodes were characterized using Scanning electron microscope – Energy dispersive x-ray (SEM-EDX) and sludge composition was determined using X-ray diffractometer (XRD). The experimental results revealed that the COD percentage removal was significantly affected by applied voltage. The use of Fe-Fe assembly at a pH of 6 and 21.4V was by far the most effective assembly A current efficiency of over 300% was achieved and electro-generated coagulants were of the same quality as those reported in literatures. Electrode surfaces were found to respond immediately to solution chemistry causing drastic changes in the surface including pitting corrosion. Residual Al and Fe in the effluent were below the allowable limits of PNSDW. This investigation indicated that the EC process may be a possible approach for the pretreatment of the pharmaceutical residue ibuprofen in wastewater.

Abstract Format






Electronic File Format


Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F, Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer optical disc, 4 3/4 in.


Sewage—Purification—Electrodialysis process

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