Challenges of governing urban effluents on development activities in the Boulevard Area, Dipolog City

Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Development Policy


College of Liberal Arts


Political Science

Thesis Adviser

Marlon D. Era

Defense Panel Chair

Francisco A. Magno

Defense Panel Member

Ador R. Torneo
Maria Divina Gracia Z. Roldan
Julio C. Teehankee


Increasing human activities caused by population growth and rapid urbanization among cities exacerbates problems on water quality degradation particularly those critical surface waters essentially important in the development of urban areas. Sometimes, as it is always been a widely known practice, these water resources becomes the receiving channels for liquid wastes coming from storm, households, commercial, agricultural, institutional, and industrial sources as urban sewerage and drainage systems were emptied into these surface water resources such as lakes, rivers, streams and even, in some cases, to the open seas. What worsen to this alarming wastewater disposal practice is that these poorly treated liquid wastes were allowed to be discharged into the environment with too little consideration of its harmful effects hence, the scale of threat it posed into the host community's economic potential and to the quality of water on its important water bodies also increases.

This paper attempts to discuss a similarly situated local condition from which the above cited hypothesis is most likely happening. Discussing the case of water quality in Dipolog, the specific study area is focused at the Dipolog City Boulevard which becomes practically the receiving point from the two river systems in the urban center and the City's sewerage network, all carrying urban effluents that affects the tourism and economic potentials of this newly designated wellness and activity center of the city aimed to pushing the issue in the lenses of public consciousness

With careful evaluation on the various wastewater challenges felt and keen analysis on the current strength and weaknesses that the City is facing, this paper further attempts to suggest appropriate policies that the local authorities may probably consider to impede further deterioration of water quality in the future. It is then recognized that the different technical and financial challenges faced by the government, lack of cooperation and poor sanitation practices of the concerned local community, and insufficient wastewater support infrastructure exacerbate the waste water issue. With the different policy alternatives being offered, the writer also attempts to discuss the possible implications of these options citing the administrative, logistical, technical and political readiness and capability of the local government unit to address the issue.

It is also hoped that, although several critical data were actually not available, for the purpose of raising this concern into an initial forum of public discussion to elevate public awareness, first-hand information based on key informants interviews research on fundamental data needed actual on-site observations through ocular inspection focused group discussion (FGD) review of secondary data and related literatures and field/office visitation are some of the methodologies that the proponent opted to adopt to generate the desired information that will hopefully illustrate the real situation on the ground and the various elements surrounding on it hoping that it might possibly be considered as a helpful reference for the local government units comprehensive, sustainable development plan.

Hence, the paper humbly asserts that institutionalization of water governing body, provision of adequate wastewater infrastructure support, and strict implementation of the pertinent national laws and policies relative to wastewater management are the more adaptable recourse. Anent to the complexities in the bureaucracy and limitations in terms of capacities of the local units, basic establishment of workable goals supported with appropriate legal and institutional frameworks is inevitable as such required power, authority and legitimacy of every actions taken are definitely the important aspects to successfully address this growing concern.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer disc ; 4 3/4 in.


Sewage disposal; Rural--Philippines--Dipolog City; Sewage--Environmental aspects--Philippines--Dipolog City; Sewage--Purification--Philippines--Dipolog City

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