Ang inaasahang anak: Exploring the experience of family obligation by Filipino young adults from poor families

Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Counseling


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Counseling and Educational Psychology

Thesis Adviser

Washington C. Garcia

Defense Panel Chair

Aime T. Guarino

Defense Panel Member

Jose Alberto S. Reyes
Ma. Christina Saldivar
Voltaire M. Mistades


This study explored the family obligation experience of eight Filipino young adults who identified themselves as the inaasahang anak (IA) of their families. Using a case study research design, data was collected through one-on-one semi-structured interviews. The data was then subjected to thematic analysis. This study explored what being the inaasahang anak means for the participants, their specific role and responsibilities in their families, how they became the IA, and the challenges and benefits of being the IA. Four young adults who did not identify themselves as the inaasahang anak were also interviewed. The findings suggest that the IA is someone who has financial capability to support the family, functions as the eldest child, and is willing to be the inaasahang anak. The goal of the inaasahang anak is to improve the economic condition of the family and take them out of poverty. For the young adults in this study, becoming the inaasahang anak depends on a number of factors such as socialization, environmental influences, and specific life experiences that amplify the need for someone to extend support to the family, especially to the parents. In the same way, certain factors such as marriage and having their own family can revoke ones status as the inaasahang anak. Ultimately however, being the inaasahang anak is a choice. Those who become the inaasahang anak experience several challenges in this role such as having feelings of inadequacy, being pressured to succeed, needing to prioritize their family over personal interests, perceived unfair demands or expectations, and their limited economic means. Despite these, being the inaasahang anak has some benefits, primarily being recognized for being responsible children by their parents and other people. Being the inaasahang anak becomes a source of pride for these young adults.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer disc ; 4 3/4 in.


Poor families--Philippines; Poor children--Philippines; Cost and standard of living--Philippines; Heads of households--Philippines

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