Environmental governance in Palawan: The implementation of the Wildlife Resources conservation and Protection Act of 2001

Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Development Policy


College of Liberal Arts


Political Science

Thesis Adviser

Francisco A. Magno

Defense Panel Chair

Ma. Divina Gracia Z. Roldan

Defense Panel Member

Ador R. Torneo
Christianne F. Collantes
Jazmin B. Llana


The lush natural resources of Palawan are suffering from anthropogenic pressures on wildlife species and their habitat. This study determines on how Republic Act 9147 is effectively implemented in the province of Palawan through environmental governance. The different factors influencing the enforcement of wildlife conservation in relation to collaborative governance with the participation of different stakeholders were identified. Moreover, the study examines how the co-production of environmental services contributed in the enforcement of the Wildlife Act in the Province of Palawan following Ostroms (1996) Collective Action Framework. A policy implementation effectiveness assessment tool defining the indicators was utilized with the PCSDS, DA-BFAR, and DENR-PENRO as respondents. In addition, the views of the PCSD-ENRC members were collected as key informants.

The results showed that PCSD, DENR, and DA-BFAR have excellently implemented the provisions of the Act through efficient decision making processes. Collaborations in the creation of resolutions/agreements helped the partner institutions to obtain all threshold categories together with the PCSD based on their respective jurisdictional mandate in Palawan.

Ostroms operational choices in 1990 were present in collective choices through partner implementers such as the DENR and DA-BFAR that continuously exercised their respective national mandate in collaboration with the PCSDS. Regulatory and enforcement collaborations among institutions have been recognized in their respective contributions in public education, compliance to permitting, surveillance, apprehension, and monitoring. The collaboration and participation of the communities has validated Ostroms idea in 1996 for the thought on the importance of citizen participation and involvement for a desirable outcome. The ability to undertake collective decision-making of LGU, affiliated institutions, and communities is not just a management tool but an essential process for food security in wildlife resources and ensure its survival was enhanced by Ostrom in 2000. Multi-partite plans of actions for the protection of habitats are similar to Ostroms work in 1996 which shows the designing of institutional management that help induce successful co-productive strategies.

Information dissemination is shown to be continuous through utilization of different media, and with the advances of technology, social media is also included. The management planning, public education and enforcement collaboration were strategically conducted toward community's mutual benefit. In 2000, Ostrom emphasized contractual relationships through wildlife enforcement groups are examples of collaboration that reiterates mutual trust as proven by Ostrom last 2000. Human capital for wildlife conservation is formed consciously through education and training to become Wildlife Enforcement Officers which stressed the work of Ostrom in 1994.

Direct support of PCSD to partner institutions was secured in their adopted annual physical and financial plan. All financial obligations were included in their annual general appropriations with the addition of wildlife trust fund. Funds were considerably allocated and secured but needs further enhancement especially to support LGU mechanisms. The complete information for enforcement officers in their mandates together with a trustworthy strategy will allow them to receive higher payoff as emphasized by Ostrom in 2000. This product of implementation that co-produced by implementing agencies validates Ostroms process in 1996 wherein the inputs contributed by individuals in the same organizations have produce good deeds. The outcome of the assessment review that could be recommended for future use in amending the Wildlife Act of 2001 is presented and discussed. Lastly, the study confirms that survival of wildlife resources depends on solving collective action problems just as Ostrom visualized in her previous studies in 2000.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer disc ; 4 3/4 in.


Wildlife conservation--Philippines--Palawan

This document is currently not available here.