Democracy and Islam: Can they be mixed?

Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Political Science


College of Liberal Arts


Political Science

Thesis Adviser

Rizal G. Buendia


This study examines whether or not democracy is compatible with Islam by using the cases of Indonesia and Malaysia. Having examined civic engagement, political tolerance, and political participation as the indicators to measure democracy in relation to Islam in both Indonesia and Malaysia, the study discovered that the civic engagement of Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah in the context of Indonesia, and the active engagement to SisterInIslam in Malaysia can be considered as the greatest points of involvement that strengthened democracy in the countries. , Aside from this, political tolerance is deemed needed in order to achieve the ideal democratic stage in both countries. On one hand, the law in Indonesia maintains the construction of houses of worship is restrictive to freedom of religion, while, on the other hand, Islam as the state religion in Malaysia provides its citizens more privileges compared to others. Voting was also considered as the utmost-popular form of political participation in Indonesia and Malaysia. Ultimately, it can be said that democracy and Islam are congruence in terms of civic engagement in both Indonesia and Malaysia. However, there is a need for further reformation when it comes to both political tolerance and political participation.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer optical disc ; 4 3/4 in.

This document is currently not available here.