Date of Publication


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering


Gokongwei College of Engineering


Chemical Engineering

Thesis Adviser

Leonila C. Abella
Pag-asa D. Gaspillo

Defense Panel Chair

Josephine O. Borja

Defense Panel Member

Yolanda D. Brondial
Nathaniel P. Dugos


Arsenic contamination in groundwater has become a serious problem around the world including Thailand, especially in the southern area of Nakron Sri Thammarat Province. Adsorption technique using a local, cheap and efficient adsorbent is a feasible approach for the treatment of arsenic from drinking well or/and groundwater. The gray-colored laterite which is locally available in Palawan, Philippines gave the highest removal for arsenic after treating the laterite with 30%HCl and calcined at 700°C. In this study, the treated laterite was used as an adsorbent for arsenic adsorption from simulated groundwater. Effect of adsorbent dose, initial pH and initial arsenic concentration on the removal of arsenic were investigated. The results showed that the adsorbent dose was 25 g/L and pH of solution at 7(0.2) gave the highest adsorption capacity with a percent removal of 98.74% from arsenic concentration of 296.63 ppb in groundwater. The Freundlich isotherms and pseudo-second order described well the equilibrium and kinetics of arsenic adsorption process of simulated groundwater using treated laterite 30%HCl and calcined at 700°C under batch experimental conditions. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 0.031 mg As/g adsorbent. Hence, treated laterite is an effective adsorbent to remove arsenic from groundwater and could be used by people living in rural areas such as Thailand and other Asian Countries.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

xi, 79 leaves ; 28 cm.


Arsenic; Laterite; Adsorbent

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