Title

Comparative study of various models for hydrogen sulfide degradation in a biological packed tower

Date of Publication

1999

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemical Engineering

Subject Categories

Chemical Engineering

College

Gokongwei College of Engineering

Department/Unit

Chemical Engineering

Thesis Adviser

Marylou M. Uy

Defense Panel Chair

Pag-asa D. Gaspillo

Defense Panel Member

Julius Maridable
Noel Cabigon

Abstract/Summary

The study aims to find a suitable model for the treatment of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas in a packed tower with the immobilized bacteria Thiobacillus thioparus DW44. Four existing models were tested in the study, namely the following: 1. Pseudo-homogeneous Model, 2. Shell Balance Model, 3. Deep Biofilm Model, and 4. Dispersion Model. Modifications like changing the reaction rate kinetics from 0th or 1st order kinetics to purely Monod kinetics were made. The pseudo-homogeneous and dispersion models were applied to biological systems for the first time since it is commonly used in modeling chemical reaction systems only. Pseudo-homogeneous model is the model to be used for this system based on the analysis of residuals and PRESS (Predicted Sum of Squares) values of the different models. Deep biofilm model is quite suitable but the validity is somewhat doubtful due to the fact that the effective biofilm surface area on the packings is unknown.

Abstract Format

html

Language

English

Format

Print

Accession Number

TG02963

Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

148 leaves

Keywords

Hydrogen sulphide; Gases; Asphyxiating and poisonous; Environmental engineering; Pollution; Gases--Absorption and adsorption

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