The effect of a cooperative learning environment on achievement test scores in stoichiometry of third year high school students
Date of Publication
Master of Science in Teaching Major in Chemistry
Curriculum and Social Inquiry | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Secondary Education
Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education
Dr. Adora Pili
Defense Panel Chair
Dr. Bee Ching Ong
Defense Panel Member
Dr. Jaime Raul O. Janairo
Dr. Melecio Deauna
The effect of a cooperative learning environment (Jigsaw III) on the academic achievement in Stoichiometry of secondary concrete and transitional thinkers (68 for the experimental and 66 for the control) is investigated using a non-equivalent Pretest-Posttest control group quasi-experimental design. A 2x2 (cooperative vs. traditional methods, concrete vs. transitional thinkers) factorial design was used for the statistical analysis of the data. Cognitive levels were assessed using a Piagetian-based pencil and paper test called Task II. Academic Achievement was operationalized as the significant adjusted gain in scores on concrete and formal test items from the pretest and posttest scores on a teacher-made test. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that students experienced equivalent success in their performance in the Chemistry achievement test regardless of whether they were exposed to a cooperative learning environment or in a traditional setting. Concrete operational students exposed to a more traditional setting performed better on the concrete test items compared to concrete operational students who underwent Jigsaw III on the same test items. Concrete thinkers either in cooperative or traditional settings experienced equivalent successes on formal test items on the Chemistry achievement test. The performance of transitional thinkers on the formal test items on the Chemistry achievement test were comparable regardless of whether they were exposed to cooperative or traditional settings.
Jigsaw III was perceived to be fun and enjoyable by students in the experimental group as they studied a more difficult concept. Students exposed to the more traditional lecture discussion expressed difficulty in comprehending the topic due to the extensive calculations involved and wished that peer interactions be explored in their study Stoichiometry.
Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall
Group work in education; Teaching; Achievement tests; High school students
Pulmones, R. (1999). The effect of a cooperative learning environment on achievement test scores in stoichiometry of third year high school students. Retrieved from https://animorepository.dlsu.edu.ph/etd_masteral/2002