Dragons becoming shrimps: Toward a Chinese-Philippine poetics

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Literature

Subject Categories



College of Liberal Arts


Literature, Department of

Thesis Adviser

Oscar V. Campomanes

Defense Panel Chair

Cirilo F. Bautista

Defense Panel Member

Marjorie Evasco
Bienvenido Lumbera
Lily Rose Tope
Caroline Hau


This dissertation proposes Chinese-Philippine literature as an overdetermined minority discourse. Specific and interrelated socio-historical, economic, and political factors have conditioned the trans/formation of this literature, resulting in the fragmentations and metamorphoses of Chinese-Filipino identities. The author defines Chinese-Philippine literature as published creative writings in whatever languages/dialects by Chinese-Filipino writers. A Chinese-Filipino writer is a person of Chinese descent, native-born or naturalized, and has stayed for a considerable period in the Philippines. Chinese-Philippine literature, geographically and historically deterritorialized in the Philippines, resides in minority positions in relation to the Confucian traditions and the New Literature of China and at the same time, it is marginalized within the hierarchical paradigm of Philippine literary traditions. In this study, the author devised a reading instrument for the critical analysis of Chinese-Philippine poems to identify a poetics of identity constructions. Specifically, the objectives are: to describe the different versions of Chinese-Filipino identities to examine how poetry makes reformative use of language as a way of re-conceiving identities and to identify alternative modes of experiences. The concepts are primarily drawn from the theoretical insights of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, and reinforced by selected ideas and views of cultural theorists, sociologists, and historians like Raymond Williams, Herbert Gans, Joshua Fishman, Benedict Anderson, Ross Poole, Walker Connor, and others. This study broaches the issues of ethnicity, minority, identity, cultures, power, and hybridity.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

238 leaves, 28 cm.


Poetics; Literature; Poetry; Chinese literature; Philippine literature; Discourse analysis

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