The organizational culture of Widya Mandira Catholic University Kupang-Timor-Indonesia: A case study

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education Major in Educational Management

Subject Categories

Educational Leadership


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Educational Leadership and Management

Thesis Adviser

Belen B. De Jesus

Defense Panel Chair

Oscar O. Bautista

Defense Panel Member

Adelaida L. Bago
Isaias Banaag
Bienvenido Santos


This case study on the organizational culture of Widya Mandira Catholic University (UNWIRA) aims to provide information for the improvement of its educational management.The framework of the study was adapted and modified from the model proposed by Beare, Caldwell and Millikan (1989) as manifested in conceptual, visual and behavioral manifestations. This descriptive research involved the use of the case study method that covered both qualitative and quantitative method. The instruments used to gather data were questionnaires, interviews, document analyses, and observations both social and physical. Means and standard deviations were used to arrive at answers to the research questions. Significant difference between and among groups of respondents was determined using the Least Significant Difference (LSD) method.The historical profile of UNWIRA revealed that the elements of culture were developed by the founders and first group employed in UNWIRA. The idea to formulate these elements emanated from the state philosophy Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, and the teachings of the Church. This signified UNWIRA's character as an Indonesian school and a Catholic University. With regard to the tangible elements of UNWIRA's organizational culture, the findings showed that in one way or the other, there were different perceptions existing among the members of the academic community. Similarly, perceptions of respondents with regard to UNWIRA as as Catholic University also differed.

The implications of the study on the practice of educational management noted that the history of culture origin marked the role of the founders and academic community in creating, embedding and enforcing UNWIRA's organizational culture. To maintain and develop this culture, the school's leaders or administrators are badly needed. Since each school has its own specific character, in this case, UNWIRA as a Catholic University, efforts must be exerted to clearly describe its Catholic dimensions and this should be communicated throughout the academic community to be nurtured as values of the school. Since the findings showed that the Board of Trustees (BOT) members had a different view compared with other groups of respondents, there is a need for the academic community to sit down together so that they will have commonalities in their perceptions regarding the tangible elements of UNWIRA, particularly on beliefs, philosophy and ideology. For the sake of a better school management, UNWIRA's administrators in cooperation with the academic community, should work to agree upon the concepts of standards and policies of working performances leading toward better teaching and learning processes. Furthermore, the school should strategically plan for change to face the challenges of the third millennium. Therefore, resources both human and financial must be availed of to support the plan for change.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

388 leaves ; computer print-out


Corporate culture; Catholic universities and colleges--Indonesia; Educational management; Widya Mandira Catholic University (Indonesia)

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