A factorial analysis of the situational leadership effectiveness of the deans of state colleges and universities of Region 2

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education Major in Educational Management

Subject Categories

Educational Leadership


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Educational Leadership and Management

Thesis Adviser

Belen De Jesus

Defense Panel Chair

Flordeliza C. Reyes

Defense Panel Member

Roberto T. Borromeo
Adelaida Bago
Estrellita V. Gruenberg
Melecio Deauna


This study identifies the leadership style of deans of state colleges and universities of Region 2 that is effective in a given management/leadership situation.This study is basically a causal-comparative and descriptive correlational and factorial research. The causal comparative was used to observe the independent variable in retrospect for their possible relations to, and influence on the dependent variable (Lehman, 1971:231). The dependent variables were the criteria of effectiveness-performance ratings of teachers and organizational climate, while the leadership styles of the deans were the independent variables. The correlational aspect of the study showed the linear relationships of both the independent and moderating variables with the criteria of effectiveness. The descriptive-factorial was not only used to define the situation upon which the leadership styles are performed, but also showed influence of the situational moderator variables on a causal relationship between the dependent and independent variables.The subjects of this study were 34 college deans and 458 college instructors/professors from 5 state universities and colleges (SUC) of Region 2 who had teaching loads during the school year 1991-1992.Data were gathered through the following instruments: Personal Data Form for Deans and Teachers, Educational Administrative Style Diagnosis Test (EASDT), Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (OCDQ) Form IV, and the Sensing-Intuition Scale of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).

Descriptive aspect of the study computed descriptive statistics like mean and standard deviation, correlational aspect used Pearson r, causal comparative aspect used one-way ANOVA, and the 3-way factorial analysis of variance was performed at the UP Statistical Center, Diliman for the causal-factorial aspect.The study found out the following: 1) All of the deans when grouped according to respondent schools had bureaucrat style and Dean's Leadership Style (DLS) in terms of school variables and dean's variables taken was predominantly bureaucrat style. 2) Performance Ratings of Teachers (PRT) are dependent on ethnic group of teachers, teachers' educational qualification, faculty rank, subject area taught, and designation. 3) Organizational Climate (OC) is independent of respondent schools. Among the school variables, only proximity of school and number of students per class affect OC and among deans' variables, only educational qualification have significant effect on OC. 4) With PRT as dependent variable, the DLS considered 'Ineffective Style' under EASDT are effective in majority of leadership situations. With OC as dependent variable, each of the 'Ineffective and Effective Styles' under EASDT are considered in one situation each (under Deserter and under Benevolent Autocrat Style). 5) Interaction effect of DLS and deans' age on PRT is dependent on level of teachers' age and interaction effect of DLS and dean's sex is dependent on level of teachers's sex. On OC as dependent variable, only one combination was 3-way ANOVA possible (DLS-teachers' age-proximity combination). 6) PRT is dependent on DLS and the OC of a college is independent of the DLS.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

324 leaves ; computer print-out


Leadership; Universities and colleges--Faculty; Deans (Education); College administrators; Factor analysis

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