The effects of actualizing group therapy on the self-actualization of counselor-trainees

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Counseling Psychology

Subject Categories

Counseling Psychology


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Counseling and Educational Psychology

Thesis Adviser

Imelda V. G. Villar

Defense Panel Chair

Salud P. Evangelista

Defense Panel Member

Rose Marie Salazar-Clemena
Natividad Munarriz
Leticia M. Asuzano
Conchita V. Umali


This study investigates whether actualizing group therapy would be effective in increasing the level of self-actualization of counselor-trainees as measured by the Personal orientation inventory (POI) scores. The subjects were selected from a group of sixty (60) Center for Educational Measurement counselor-trainees at random. The subjects were randomly assigned to groups. Fourteen were assigned to the experimental group and the other 14 to the control group. Specifically, 7 were assigned to the experimental group, pretested 7 in the experimental group, unpretested 7 in the control group, pretested and another to the control group, unpretested. The experimental groups were exposed to actualizing group therapy. The two-way classification of analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to furnish evidence to support the significant difference between the mean scores of pretested subjects in the control and in the experimental group tested with the POI the significant difference between mean scores of pretested and unpretested subjects who were not exposed to actualizing therapy and the degree of persistency seen in the subjects' self-actualization behavior. To determine the significant differences of the mean scores of the immediate and delayed posttest, a one-way ANOVA was used. The findings revealed a significant positive pre-post change beyond .05 level of statistical level on 10 of the 12 individual POI scales, while control group mean scores failed to change significantly on those scales.

The results of the comparison between posttest and 12-month follow-up scores of the experimental group showed no significant difference except in the two of the 12 scales. This indicated that self-actualization level persisted over that time period. From the findings of the study, tentative conclusions were drawn: 1. Actualizing group therapy demonstrated to be a useful tool for enhancing self-actualization level of counselor-trainees of the pretested samples as seen in the change of the subjects' subjects self-actualization level from average to high, and as seen in the results, which confirm the effectiveness of the treatment. 2. Actualizing therapy did not bring out change in the outcome variable, in a direction perceived as positive by the counselor-trainees themselves indicating the effectiveness of the treatment activities.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

182 leaves, 28 cm.


Group psychotherapy; Self-actualization (Psychology); Counselors--Training of; Counselor trainees

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