A theory of Filipino organizational behavior in education: An anthropological view

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education Major in Educational Management

Subject Categories

Educational Leadership


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Educational Leadership and Management

Thesis Adviser

Andrew B. Gonzalez, FSC

Defense Panel Chair

Roberto C. Salazar

Defense Panel Member

Roberto T. Borromeo
Wilfrido V. Villacorta


This paper aims to accurately describe Philippine society, particularly the Filipino kinship system and corporate group, and show the emerging pattern within this society. The manifestation and significance of the Filipino kinship or corporate group to educational management is specifically illustrated within the school context. The study also shows the historical underpinnings of Philippine society and compare the Filipino kinship system and corporate group with those of other Asian countries. Materials used for the study were the ethnographic materials culled by the writer through his more than a decade of field research on Philippine society. The materials were accompanied with an extensive review of available literature. The writer chose representative samples of both urban and ethnic cultures illustrative of the Filipino corporate and kinship groups. With respect to Filipino urban corporate and kinship groups and practices, the study selected Metro Manila, the center for political and economic life and where various cultures and regional groups throughout the archipelago converge. The Alangan and Batangan minority groups, both sub-groups of the Mangyan cultural minority of Mindoro Island, were used as samples of Filipino ethnic culture.
The emergent corporate group in Philippine society is essentially and structurally informal and personal. Relationships with kinsmen are emphasized and prioritized over those with strangers or non-kinsmen. Corporate group formations have not transcended personal or local interests to enable the development of larger organizations crossing various social lines. The primary bases of corporate grouping remains to be social values, consanguineal and affinal relations, and blood or ritual kinship ties. These foundations are complemented by additional adhesive mechanisms like kin residence in a single locality and the principle of reciprocity. By virtue of the foregoing social configuration, Philippine society can rightfully be categorized as uncrystallized.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

141 leaves, 28 cm.


Filipinos--Kinship; Educational anthropology; Organizational behavior; School management and organization

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