Perceived effects of culture on the management of midlife transitions among India women

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Counseling Psychology Major in Clinical Counseling

Subject Categories

Counseling Psychology


Br. Andrew Gonzalez FSC College of Education


Counseling and Educational Psychology

Thesis Adviser

Alexa P. Abrenica

Defense Panel Member

Barbara Wong Fernandez
Elena V. Morada
Carmelita P. Pabiton
Nancy C. Rayos


This qualitative study explored the perceived effects of culture on managing midlife transitions among Indian women and evolved a framework based on the findings. The study had two phases: Phase I explored the underlying set of beliefs, feelings, practices, and expectations that characterize the perceived culture of midlife women using survey method Phase II explored the perceived effects of culture on the management of midlife transitions, through one-on-one interview. The criterion-based sampling method was employed in both phases of the study. The participants of Phase I were 100 midlife women, while Phase II included 25 midlife women, within the age-range of 40 and 60 years. The data of both phases were content analyzed. The findings indicate that the Indian women are conscious of their culture at midlife. Their perceived culture include upholding husbands decisions, fulfilling family responsibilities and being socially interactive, maintaining beliefs that menopause is natural to womanhood, managing ones family efficiently as mature persons, and living a life of happiness and satisfaction. They manage their transitions by means of both internal (prayer, understanding, and adjusting nature) and external (family, social, and medical) support. Among the Indian married women, liberation, solidarity, and sense of worth are considered to be the perceived effects of their culture. They manage their midlife transitions adequately as a consequence of cultural dictates. The findings of the study have implications for counseling, family therapy, adulthood and cross-cultural researches.

Abstract Format






Accession Number


Shelf Location

Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F Henry Sy Sr. Hall

Physical Description

1 computer optical disc ; 4 3/4 in.


Women--India; Middle-aged women--India; Culture

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