Analysis of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate in local brands of pre-packed pineapple juices using UV-VIS spectrophotometry
Date of Publication
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry
College of Science
Julita C. Robles
Defense Panel Member
Lazaro-Llanos, Nancy Llanos Lazaro
Derrick Ethelbert C. Yu
UV-VIS Spectrophotometry was used to analyze the chemical preservatives sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate present in two local brands of pre-packed pineapple juices purchased in Manila and Muntinlupa. The maximum limit set by the Bureau of Food and Drugs for sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate in food are 0.1 % (5mg/5 mL) and 0.3 % (15mg/mL) respectively. The AOAC Official Method 980.17 (Preservatives in Ground Beef) was adapted for the quantitative determination of these preservatives. Standard solutions of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate were extracted using petroleum ether and 1:1 M hydrochloric acid and the absorbance of the standard and sample solutions were measured at 2ï¬²max = 228 (benzoic acid) and ï¬²max = 255 (sorbic acid). Results show that Brand X (Manila) contains 0.295 mg/mL sodium benzoate (2.00 % RSD) and 0.0853 mg/5 mL potassium sorbate (3.70 % RSD) while Brand X (Muntinlupa) contains 0.0878 mg/5mLsodium benzoate (6.00 & RSD) and 0.278 mg/5mL potassium sorbate (9.10% RSD). Brand Y (Manila) contains 0.321 mg/5mL sodium benzoate (4.50 %RSD) and 0.0212 mg/5mL potassium sorbate (2.30 %RSD) while Brand Y (Muntinlupa) contains 0.0197 mg/5mL sodium benzoate (6.60 % RSD) and 0.113 mg/5mL potassium sorbate (5.60 % RSD). The concentration of these additives in the juice samples were found to be within the limits set by the Bureau of Food and Drugs. Standard addition was found to be not suitable because of the significant deviations from linearity between the absorbance and concentration of the added standard solution.
Archives, The Learning Commons, 12F, Henry Sy Sr. Hall
90,  leaves : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm.
Sodium benzoate; Benzoates; Potassium; Spectrophotometry; Pineapple; Fruit juices
Lo, P., & Viray, P. G. (2004). Analysis of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate in local brands of pre-packed pineapple juices using UV-VIS spectrophotometry. Retrieved from https://animorepository.dlsu.edu.ph/etd_bachelors/8926